The Age of Reason, Foreword y Cognition and Measurement (Notas de estudio 4.5.20)

The Age of Reason

Source: W.T. Jones, ch. 1 in A History of Western Philosophy (Kant and the Nineteenth Century, volume IV, Second edition, revised) (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 1975), 1-13.

Concepts

  • Enlightenment
  • Optimism
  • Progress
  • Nature
  • Reason
  • Confidence
  • Physical nature
  • Human nature
  • Science
  • Rational
  • Future
  • Empirical
  • Equallity of intellectual potential
  • Liberty
  • New man

Quotes

Reflection

The great men of the enlightenment were men of reason, purpose and self-esteem.

Foreword to the First Edition

Source: Ayn Rand, Foreword in Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology (Expanded second edition, edited by Harry Binswanger and Leonard Peikoff) (New York: Meridian, 1990), 1-4.

Concepts

  • The problem of universals
  • Knowledge
  • Concepts
  • Schools of thought on universals
    • Extreme realists
    • Moderate realists
    • Nominalists
    • Conceptualists
    • Extreme nominalists
  • Consciousness
  • Abstractions

Cognition and Measurement

Source: Ayn Rand, ch. 1 in Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology (Expanded second edition, edited by Harry Binswanger and Leonard Peikoff) (New York: Meridian, 1990), 5-9.

Concepts

  • Consciousness
  • Active process
  • Stages of consciousness
    • Sensations
    • Perceptual
    • Conceptual
  • Discriminated awareness
  • Percept
  • Direct perception / direct awareness
  • Existent
    • Implicit concept
      • Stages of development
        • Entity
        • Identity
        • Unity
  • Method of identification
  • Criterion of calssification
  • Mathematics
  • Measurement

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